While it is recognised that children will experience minor injuries as they grow and learn – in playgrounds and elsewhere – the condition or state of repair, including the height of the apparatus and the nature and depth of the playing surface, are major risk factors. Standards exist in relation to general playground safety requirements, installation, inspection, surfacing, maintenance and operation; as well as standards for specific apparatus. However, unless all aspects are addressed simultaneously, the risk of preventable injury remains.

Current Playground Equipment and Surfacing Standards

  • AS 4685.0:2017 Playground equipment and surfacing. Part 0: Development, installation, inspection, maintenance and operation (Revision of AS/NZS4486.1:1997)
  • AS 4422:2016 Playground Surfacing – Specifications, requirements and test method (Revision of AS/NZS4422:1996)
  • AS 4685.1:2014 Playground equipment and surfacing. Part 1: General safety requirements and test methods (EN 1176-1:2008 MOD) (Revision of AS 4685.1:2004)
  • AS 4685.2:2014 Playground equipment and surfacing. Part 2: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for swings (EN 1176-2:2008 MOD) (Revision of AS 4685.2:2004)
  • AS 4685.3:2014 Playground equipment and surfacing. Part 3: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for slides (EN 1176-3:2008 MOD) (Revision of AS 4685.3:2004)
  • AS 4685.4:2014 Playground equipment and surfacing. Part 4: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for cableways (EN 1176-4:2008 MOD) (Revision of AS 4685.4:2004)
  • AS 4685.5:2014 Playground equipment and surfacing. Part 5: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for carousels (EN 1176-1:2008 MOD) (Revision of AS 4685.5:2004)
  • AS 4685.6:2014 Playground equipment and surfacing. Part 6: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for rocking equipment (EN 1176-6:2008 MOD) (Revision of AS 4685.6:2004)
  • AS 4685.11:2014 Playground equipment. Part 11: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for spatial network (EN 1176-11:2008, MOD) (Revision of AS 4685.11:2012)

 The above are all available for purchase directly from Standards Australia https://infostore.saiglobal.com/en-au/

“A playground injury that leaves a child permanently disabled is not acceptable. Playground operators, designers, manufacturers, importers, distributors, retailers, consultants and those involved in the maintenance and certification of play equipment must take every possible care to identify and eliminate unacceptable playground risks and reduce hazards.” foreword of AS4685.1

About the courses:

  • This is the most comprehensive and highest achievable level of training on playground Standards, design, hazard identification, risk management and assessment methods offered and recognised in Australia.
  • Pre-reading and twenty one hours of training from a nationally recognised playground safety expert and trainer, Lynnel Crockart, Director, PSIA will prepare you for the assessment.
  • These courses are intended to provide training for individuals interested in becoming competent in playground operation, design, selection, installation, inspection, maintenance, record keeping and the management of play environments— giving confidence to examine, design, select and maintain play environments to comply with Standards.
  • The aims and objectives of the training program are to increase the number of certified playground safety inspectors, protect the user, minimise risk of injury, ensure compliance and maintenance identification and corrections, including development of comprehensive management programs, and document and forward planning to comply with current standards.
  • Playground owners
  • Playground operators
  • Supervisors 
  • Technical and maintenance personnel
  • Risk assessors
  • Design and safety officers
  • Managers
  • Landscape architects and developers
  • Playground and softfall manufacturers; installers, auditors, contract managers 
  • Owners of playgrounds in public and private parks, schools, child care and other recreation
  • Leisure facilities officers

Level 1 Playground Routine Visual Inspector


AS 4685.0:2017 Playground Routine visual inspection

A Visual Inspection is intended to identify obvious hazards that can result from wear and tear, vandalism or weather conditions. This inspection is carried out regularly. Playgrounds subject to heavy use or prone to vandalism, may require daily inspections.

Routine Visual Inspections include identifying and reporting on (but not limited too):

  1. Debris in the playground that may be hazardous, such as broken glass, needles or animal fouling.
  2. Loose-fill surfacing levels that are at inadequate levels.
  3. Damage to unitary surfacing
  4. Equipment that is broken or missing as a result of use or vandalism
  5. Graffiti
  6. The condition of ancillary items, such as barbecues, tables, rubbish bins, etc.
  7. Dead or damaged overhanging branches that may potentially fall onto the playground.


Level 1 – 2 Playground Operational Inspector 


AS 4685.0:2017 Playground Operational Inspection

An operational inspection shall be carried out regularly, on a monthly or quarterly basis unless there are compelling reasons to deviate from this inspection frequency.

Operational Inspections include identifying and reporting on (but not limited too) ;

  1. All issues listed in Routine Visual Inspection above.
  2. Excessive wear of moving parts (including chain links).
  3. Bolts and fasteners are secure.
  4. Any protrusions and sharp edges.
  5. The structural adequacy and/or stability of all playground equipment including ancillary items.
  6. Excessive corrosion, particularly within structural members.
  7. Ropes and cables for fraying.
  8. The maximum speed of the traveller for cableways.
  9. The ground clearance of the loaded cableway.
  10. Impact and attenuating edges of swing seats, pommels and other moving equipment that can impact users.
  11. Clearances beneath carousels and ensure that the underside is clear of protrusions and sharp edges.
  12. Foundations for exposed concrete, rot and corrosion.
  13. Gate closure and locking mechanisms are operational and that gates have no finger entrapments, i.e. gate gaps are greater than 12 mm.
  14. Trees for potential hazards.
Level 1 – 3 Playground Comprehensive Inspector


AS 4685.0:2017 Playground Comprehensive Inspection

A comprehensive annual inspection is required to be carried out on every playgrounds. In addition to checking all items listed in Routine Visual Inspection and Operational Inspection, this inspection is intended to determine conformance with the relevant parts of AS4685 and to establish the overall level of safety of the equipment, foundations and playground surfaces.

  1. Surfacing
    1. Is the loose-fill depth adequate?
    2. Is the surface in good condition?
    3. Is the surface free of any trip hazards?
    4. Is the surface free of objects that may be hazardous, e.g. Broken glass?
    5. Are all measures in place to warn of dangerous conditions e.g. Warn users of potential burn if the surface is likely to reach extreme temperatures when exposed to direct sunlight? 
    6. Does the surface meet or exceed the impact-attenuating surface requirements of AS 4422?
  2. Equipment (general)
    1. Are all footings adequately covered?
    2. Are the foundations stable and free of movement?
    3. Is the equipment free of protrusions or sharp edges?
    4. Are all components present and secure?
    5. Is the equipment in good repair, i.e. free from excessive rust, cracked welds, splintering timber, etc.?
    6. Is the equipment free of situations that may result in foreseeable misuse?
  3. Protection against falling
    1. Is the impact area adequate for the height of the fall?
    2. Is the falling space free of obstacles that could cause injury?
    3. Is the free space adequate for forced movement items?
    4. Are barriers, guardrails and handrails appropriate and at correct heights?
  4. Protection against entrapment
    1. Is the equipment free of head and neck entrapments?
    2. Is the equipment free of finger entrapments?
    3. Is the equipment free of clothing entrapments?
    4. Is the equipment free of whole body entrapments?
    5. Is the equipment free of foot or leg entrapments?
  5. Moving parts
    1. Is the equipment free of crush or shear points?
    2. Are chains and connectors free of excessive wear, eg. 40% worn?
    3. Are moving and ‘sealed for life’ parts moving freely? Are gaps between moving parts greater than 12 mm? Is the impact- attenuating leading-edge of all moving equipment adequate to cushion potential collisions with children?


AS 4685.0:2017 Comprehensive Post-Installation Inspection

A comprehensive post-installation inspection is conducted prior to opening the playground. This inspection is to verify that the playground conforms to the requirement of the relevant parts of the AS 4685 series and the impact-attenuating surfacing test in AS 4422, and shall identify and detail the tasks that need to be carried out.

The report would also include results of any risk assessments and/or risk benefit assessments that have been carried out where non-conformance have been identified.



The Certified Playground Safety Inspector Australia (CPSIA) certification and CPSIA register # remains current for up to three years, at which time a re-certification can be completed and students are eligible for discount. 

Requirements to enroll and attend a CPSIA course, students must:

  • Be a resident of Australia
  • Have sufficient literacy and numeracy skills: can follow training and assessment instructions and legal requirements
  • Have reasonable physical agility: able to climb on and thoroughly inspect play equipment, anchorage points and fit attachments
  • Be visual sufficient: able to observe signs, wear and tear and a typical fitting situation
  • Have sufficient aptitude to be able to utilise hand tools and adjustments
  • Be able to use basic computer programs such as MS word, excel and PDF
  • Have a USI


Unique Student Identifier (USI): a onetime personal student reference number that creates an online record of students training and qualifications in Australia across all educational institutions and is compulsory for all students enrolled in nationally recognised training since January 2015.

If you do not have a USI please visit https://www.usi.gov.au/your-usi/create-usi.



  • There are no pre-requisite requirements for students, however a general command of spoken and written english, as well as the ability to write a simple (Level 1 & 2) to complex report (Level 3) is required.
  • These courses requires the satisfactory completion of oral, practical demonstration and written tasks.

Course Expression of Interest

For expression of interest (EOI) to attend a particular course please email training@psia.net.au and your details will be added to our email circulation and provide you with a course status or updates with courses coming up in your area.


Course Registration

All registrations are to be completed online, once submitted students and their nominated contacts will receive a confirmation email from our office confirming their registration with their invoice and/or receipt for payment.

Registration deadline: registrations must be submitted no later than 3 business days prior to the commencement of a course and positions will be considered tentative until admin fee has been received.

Note: late registrations may receive their course material in person from the trainer at the course

Course Fee Overview


Registration Level

Price (GST inclusive)

Level 1 – Routine Visual Playground Inspector


Level 1 & 2 – Operational Playground Inspector


Level 1 – 3 – Comprehensive Playground Inspector


Attendance only



CPSIA Recertification

Registration Level

Price (GST inclusive)

Level 1 – Routine Visual Playground Inspector


Level 1 & 2 – Operational Playground Inspector


Level 1 & 2 – Operational Playground Inspector Upgrade to Level 1 – 3 – Comprehensive Playground Inspector


Level 1 – 3 – Comprehensive Playground Inspector


Host a Course with PSIA

If your organisation or company wish to host a course on their own premises and close the course off from the public we are more than happy to assist you with all the course requirements. As a host you will receive up to 15% discount on registrations and additional saved cost on accommodation and travel for your staff if they were to attend an alternate training venue. Further discount can be made if a host opts out of course catering.

Requirements and Responsibilities of a Host

Minimum numbers: require a minimum of 10 registrations received before your desired course dates is confirmed for your organisation or company. PSIA will assist to acquire the minimum numbers through advertising and marketing to surrounding local authorities, landscape consultants and others.

Maximum numbers: dependent on training venue maximum capacity and specification from your organisation or company. PSIA will close the course once 25 registrations are received.

Provision of:

  • Training venue
  • Map of training venue
  • Tables and chairs (u-shape set up)
  • Accommodates 10-25 participants (to be specified)
  • Air conditioned / heated
  • Parking facility details
  • Data projector and screen, extension cord (if required) and white board (must be in excellent and working condition)
  • Kitchen or designated area for administration tea and coffee, morning and afternoon tea and lunch
  • Paper plates
  • Serviettes
  • Water facility
  • Contact details for two recommended caterers
  • Contact details for two recommended accommodations
  • 5-10 nominated playgrounds for training group exercises (non-compliant and compliant) that is close proximity to the training venue
  • Photos and address and map location for selected playgrounds


Available Dates

Dates we have available for organisations and companies to host a CPSIA course can be found on our website or further dates can be negotiated. Please keep an eye out on our website as available dates are updated frequently.


Expression of Interest

For available course date(s) or request for further dates to be made available or email training@psia.net.au.


Host Pricing Overview

Please note: the pricing listed below only applies to registrations from your company or organisation. 


Registration Level

Price (GST inclusive)

Level 1 – Routine Visual Playground Inspector


Level 1 & 2 – Operational Playground Inspector

$ 1,870

Level 1 – 3 – Comprehensive Playground Inspector


CPSIA Recertification

(Students who have attended and successfully completed a CPSIA course with PlayRight or PSIA within the past three years)

Registration Level

Price (GST inclusive)

Level 1 – Routine Visual Playground Inspector


Level 1 & 2 – Operational Playground Inspector


Level 1 & 2 Operational Playground Inspector Upgrade to 1 – 3 Comprehensive Playground Inspector


Level 1 – 3 – Comprehensive Playground Inspector



 Past and On-Going Host Organisations and Companies (but not limited to):


Bega Valley Town Council, Tamworth Regional Council x3, Campbelltown City Council, Mid-Western Regional Council, Murray Shire Council, Armidale Dumaresq Council, Lithgow City Council, Hunter Councils, Orange City Council, Goulburn Mulwaree City Council, Great Lakes Council (Foster), Griffith City Council, Gosford City Council, Murrumbidgee Shire Council, Great Lakes (Tea Gardens), Shoalhaven City Council (x4) Dubbo City Council, Singleton Council, Bellingen S.C, Kogarah Council, Murrumbidgee, Eurobodalla Shire Council, Coffs Harbour City Council, Maitland City Council, Lake Macquarie City Council, also hosted independently at Novotel Sydney, Brighton Beach.


Noosa Council (x3) Bundaberg Shire Council (x4), Miriam Vale Shire Council, Mareeba Shire Council, Roma Town Council, Ipswich City Council (x3), Brisbane City Council (x2), Maranoa Regional Council, Gympie Regional Council also hosted independently at Brisbane Technology Park.


Knox City Council, Nillumbik Shire Council, Greater Shepparton City Council, Boroondara City Council (x 2), East Gippsland, Shire Council, Gannawarra Shire Council, Yarriambiack Council, Brimbank City Council (x3), City of Greater Bendigo. Frankston City Council, Wyndham City Council (x2) also hosted independently at AIM St Kilda and Mantra Tullamarine Hotel, City of Campbelltown, Glenelg Shire Council


The Copper Coast, City of Burnside, Port Augusta City Council, Whyalla City Council, Town of Gawler, District Council of Mount Remarkable, District Council of Barunga West and at various other locations


Shire of Esperance, Shire of Wyndham, Shire of East Kimberley, City of Swan, City of Bunbury, Bayswater City Council, City of Melville and predominantly held independently at Bentley Technology Park


Hobart City Council, Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens, NT Department of Education


Alice Springs Town Council (x2), City of Darwin (x2), Palmerston Council (x2), Katherine Town Council

The three-day course (two day training and third day assessments) will equip participants with the following areas of knowledge and skills:

  • Playground terminology, history and development
  • Playground injuries and issues relating to litigation
  • Working knowledge of the Australian Playground Standards AS 4685.0:2017, AS 4685 Parts 1-6 & 11:2014, 4422:2016 Playground Surfacing, including amendments and comparison of superseded standards.
  • Development of checklists, guidelines, reporting, procedures and records
  • Recognition of hazards – specific and general, with examples
  • Interpreting manufacturer’s instructions and compliance to Standards
  • Interpreting owner’s and maintainer’s responsibilities
  • Knowledge of issues relating to litigation
  • Implementing systems and steps to improved maintenance and inspection
  • Recognition of non-conformity and entrapment testing requirements
  • Risk and asset management plans and inventory reports/systems

The inspection and testing procedures will be demonstrated in the training sessions and on-site with opportunity for questions and answers relating to any parts of the standards, inspection and assessment. The course consists of comprehensive training sessions and assessments. All participants are provided with training pack; pre-learning 268 full colour training manual, glossary of hazards and non-conformities, site inspection checklist and examples of practical assessments of playgrounds examining maintenance and compliance issues.

Upon successful completion, students will receive a statement of attainment for nationally accredited units of competency issued by the RTO. 

Prior to Course

Participants are provided with;

  • 43 page black and white assessment study guide
  • 268 page full colour detailed training manual


During Course

The trainer will provide the following resources;

  • testing tools for students to use during training sessions
  • Checklists to conduct three (3) on-site/in field inspections – Visual, Operational and Comprehensive (forms will vary according to level to be assessed to)
  • On-site inspections forms & exercises on swings, combination unit, rocking equipment 

Refunds and Cancellations

Payments of all refunds, to students/organizations who are entitled to a refund, are in accordance with the PSIA refund policy. While PSIA has refund policies in place for cancellation of enrolments, students are first encouraged to enroll in a subsequent training course.

Where a student withdraws from a training course, they must provide written notification of their intention to withdraw and apply for a refund for the course. 

PSIA reserves the right to cancel a course if insufficient numbers of participants are received. If for any reason the course is cancelled by PSIA after your enrolment, you will be refunded the full cost of the course fee less the manual cost ($550 GST Incl – if it has been dispatched). PSIA does not, however, accept any liability for any associated expenses i.e. airfares or pre-paid accommodation.

PSIA will process the refunds automatically and immediately. Payment of all refunds is made within one week (seven days) of being approved. Below is a list of reasons for refunds, associated notification requirements and the amount of refund payable.

Refund Policy

Reason for RefundNotification RequirementsRefund Payable
Student WithdrawsIn Writing, fourteen (14) days or more prior to the course commencementFull refund (Less 15% administration fee and manual cost $550 GST inclusive).
Student WithdrawsIn Writing, seven (7) to thirteen (13) days prior to the course commencement80% Refund of Course learning & Assessment fee.
Student WithdrawsIn Writing, up to six (6) days prior to the course commencement60% Refund of Course learning & Assessment fee.
Student Withdraws/No ShowDuring CourseNon-refundable

All learners will have the opportunity to complete the training at a later date if they are forced to withdraw for personal/family or other reasonable reasons. In such cases PSIA will hold their fees over in payment for the next enrolment, and they will not suffer any financial penalty because of such a postponement.

Transfer Policy:

Transfers may be made without charge up to 10 business days prior to course commencement. Transfers within 10 business days will be subject to a 15% administration fee. A maximum of two (2) transfers is allowed, at which point the course fee is non-refundable. Transfers will not be accepted 48 hours before course commencement. If additional training packs are required a fee of $550 GST inclusive per pack will apply.


PSIA will not accept liability for any damages of any nature sustained by students and/or their accompanying persons or loss or damage to personal property because of PSIA’s CPSIA Courses.

Meals and Dietary Requirements:

Registration tea and coffee, morning and afternoon tea and lunch are provided. Please advise us if you have specific requirements such as prescribed medical diets and/or special needs. Where possible, all necessary arrangements will be made to cater for special needs. Please specify your dietary requirements at least a week before the course commences.

Most training venues provide still water and/or access to water fountain etc. However, students are welcome to provide their own water bottle for the table and/or for the field sessions.

Travel & Accommodation:

Travel & accommodation if/as required is the responsibility and cost of the student.

Transportation to in-field visits:

Students are required to provide their own transport;

  • To/from/return the training venue to the on-site/field training session on Day 2
  • To/from the training venue to the on-site/field 3 playground inspections (playgrounds selected will be in close proximity to the training venue) to complete Assessment 2 on Day 3. All students will finish on-site.

Students may make their own arrangements to work in groups and/or share transport. All travel, accommodation and transportation to on-site/field visits in students’ own or work vehicles and/or other are at their own risk. PSIA accepts no liability or responsibility.


The dress code is casual and/or where training is conducted on your organization premises, as required by your organization. Training room temperatures vary widely, bring a light jacket. Due to the practical aspects of this course and possible inclement weather appropriate, students are required to provide own PPE (minimum):

  •  Foot protection (closed secure footwear)
  • Eye protection (sunglasses)
  • Skin protection (hat, sunscreen, long pants & sleeves)
  • High visible clothing (vest/shirt/jacket)
  • Wet weather protection (raincoat) if required

Training Manual/Pre-learning material:

The training manual for this Course is provided. Students are encouraged to ensure that they have the appropriate knowledge before undertaking the Assessments.

Note: once manuals have been dispatched there is no return and a fee of $550 GST Incl will apply should you transfer, withdraw from the course or the course is cancelled or postponed by PSIA. 

RTO Documentation

Students will be required to complete the necessary TIWA orSMT documentation including questionnaire, enrolment form and application for award. These forms are provided in the Course Manual inserts.

Pre-requisite requirements

There are no pre-requisite requirements for these courses.

Student support & safety

PSIA is committed to meeting its health, safety and duty of care obligations. Students will receive safety information related to the activities undertaken during their training to assist them on returning to their own workplace.

As outlined in the entry requirements, students must possess:

  • Sufficient literacy and numeracy skills – to be able to follow fitting instructions and legal requirements; 
  • Reasonable physical agility sufficient to be able to climb on, and thoroughly inspect play equipment, anchorage points and fit attachments
  • Visual ability sufficient to be able to observe signs, wear and tear, and a typical fitting situation
  • Sufficient mechanical aptitude to be able to utilise hand tools and adjustments

PSIA will make every reasonable effort to ensure that it can accommodate a student’s needs. However, sometimes those needs are beyond the assistance that can be reasonably provided by PSIA.

Please contact us to discuss any particular needs you may have

Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) / Credit /Credit Transfer

You are encouraged to speak to your Trainer and Assessor about the possibility of recognition of prior learning if you believe you have any existing skills and knowledge that may be formally recognised towards the unit or qualification you are undertaking. If you have previously completed qualifications or units speak to your Trainer & Assessor regarding the possibility of credit or credit transfer.

RPL is the acknowledgement of skills and knowledge obtained through:

  • Formal Training: previous courses run by training providers or in-house training
  • Work experience: on the job experience, including informal training
  • Life experience: community group involvement, hobbies, unpaid work.

Application for RPL will be assessed on an individual basis. Each applicant will need to provide the necessary evidence documentation to demonstrate their competency in accordance with the competency requirement of the relevant qualification for which they are applying for RPL. Documentation of prior learning is the most common form of evidence however there are also other forms of evidence including: third party observations, self-assessment reviews, verbal questioning, phone interviews and real work samples such as log books, reports, and checklists.

It is up to the student to compile the evidence, in consultation with a trainer once they have enrolled. Evidence documents will be assessed against the rules of evidence namely:

  1. Validity
  2. Authenticity
  3. Currency
  4. Sufficiency

For more information on the procedure and benefits of Recognition of Prior Learning contact us.

Assessment Rules and Appeals Process

If your first submission is deemed not satisfactory you will be allowed one further attempt. This is to be negotiated with your Trainer & Assessor. You are entitled to appeal if you are not satisfied with the assessment process or outcome. The appeal must be lodged within two weeks of receiving the assessment information or outcome. In the first instance, approach your Trainer & Assessor for information about the process, or check the ‘current students’ section of the SMTAFE http://www.southmetrotafe.wa.edu.au/ or TIWA https://www.tafeinternational.wa.edu.au/ websites.

Access and Equity

PSIA will comply with all Commonwealth, State/Territory legislation and regulatory requirements to ensure equity. Occupational Health and Safety, Workplace Harassment, Anti-Discrimination, Privacy and Training Legislation will be adhered to at all times. Students are responsible for behaving in a courteous manner and also abide by the Code of Ethics. Diversity accounts for the many factors that influence the ability of people to participate and succeed in training and PSIA will provide training, assessment and support services which will ensure that:

  • Students are informed about training, assessment and support services to be provided and about their rights and obligations, before enrolling or entering into their course.
  • Students receive training, assessment and support services that meet their individual needs, in a discrimination free and supportive environment.


PSIA needs to keep records of student’s enrolment, progress, evidence and results in each course and report to SMT or TIWA. PSIA will limit the information to training, assessment and legislative reporting requirements. PSIA will not disclose information about students to a third party without the student’s written permission. PSIA records are kept in accordance with the PSIA Privacy Policy and the National Privacy Act.

PlayRight and Playground Safety Inspectors Pty Ltd no longer supply safety inspection/testing tools/kits – however we recommend you purchase from KOMPAN in your state. Note: allow 5 weeks for delivery

CPSIA re-certifcation price is only applied if a student registers for a course that commences before the advised expiration date or as advised by PSIA. If a student registers for the correct course but then transfers to another commencing after the expiration date, their registration fee will be updated to standard pricing. If a course is cancelled by PSIA all registrations submitted for that course will not be effected.